Non-aggression pacts include peace with Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain and the UAE.
A three-year boycott of Qatar by four other Middle Eastern countries has come to a sputtering end, distorting Gulf cooperation and raising questions in the West about an expanded regional position for Iran and Turkey. The kingdom is delighted to welcome you,”The kingdom is happy to welcome you,” The boycott started in June 2017, when the four countries accused Qatar of supporting Islamist groups in the region and maintaining cordial ties with Iran. Prince Mohammed, the de facto leader of Saudi Arabia, stressed the need for Arab unity to confront Iran at the summit of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) on Tuesday. “We need such unity today to confront the threats against our region posed by the Iranian regime with its nuclear program, ballistic missiles and sabotage agenda through its sectarian proxies,” he said, “This requires the international community to take serious action against these harmful practices that threaten peace in the region and the world. ”
But most of the 13 political demands of the boycotting states were quietly withdrawn, such as ending funding for the Muslim Brotherhood and shutting down a number of media outlets, including Al Jazeera. During the Kuwait-brokered talks, Qatar said all along that submitting to the demands would have essentially meant losing its foreign policy sovereignty and becoming a cipher for Saudi Arabia. The summit is widely seen as an effort by Riyadh to pave the way for a better relationship with the new US administration, while Kuwait and Jared Kushner, the son-in-law of the outgoing US, brokered the real reconciliation. Donald Trump, President. To celebrate the conclusion of the rift, Kushner traveled to the summit. The boycott, led by Saudi Arabia, was possibly met with resistance by the national security team of Joe Biden. There have also been concerns that Turkey and Iran could benefit from allowing them to bring Qatar closer into their orbit. Also contributing to the change in thought was the recent normalization of relations between some Gulf states and Israel. Nevertheless, the war has left a mark on the region, and some observers say that fundamental ideological differences remain unresolved, including the belief of Qatar in its position as a mediator in Africa and the Middle East conflicts. Qatar has long argued that attempting to quell legitimate security-oriented response grievances fuels extremism. Qatar’s former Prime Minister, Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani, wrote on Twitter: “While I wholeheartedly welcome the end of the crisis, I, of course, appeal to and invite all to learn lessons to prevent such crises from breaking out in the future.”
To ensure this, the roots of this crisis and the psychological wounds it has left behind, which have damaged the entire Gulf community and shaken faith in the future, must be thoroughly and openly investigated. “The reconciliation, which was in doubt until the last few days, means that Qatar will be able to host the World Cup in 2022 without the distraction, subject to Covid-19 interference.” Conciliation means, in practical terms, that Qatar would no longer have to pay Iran to travel over its airspace, which has cost Qatar millions of dollars in fees. Despite the focus of Prince Mohammed on confronting the Iranian threat, Qatar is unlikely to sever relations, as the two countries share a huge gas field and Qatar does not agree that the nuclear agreement signed in 2015 should be terminated. Reflecting the ambivalence of his country about ending the boycott, Dr. Anwar Gargash, the foreign minister of the UAE, tweeted that although “a hel hel”