The five most explosive and powerful volcano eruptions in history.
Volcanoes have long been a source of apocalyptic fascination, with their ability to kill thousands of people and destroy entire cities in an instant.
The ongoing eruption of the La Palma volcano has served as a stark reminder of the dangers that volcanoes pose, destroying over 2,500 structures and displacing thousands of people.
However, it pales in comparison to the world’s most explosive volcanoes, as this website compares the top five most explosive volcanoes in history.
The devastation of Pompeii, the most famous volcano eruption in history, has captured the modern imagination and become a focus of intense geological research.
The nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried by the volcano in AD79 in Italy.
Although no exact death toll has ever been established, the ash has preserved thousands of bodies.
On November 13, 1985, Mount Ruiz erupted twice, devastating a nearby town.
Mud, ash, lava, and water poured down the volcano’s slope and into nearby river channels.
The town of Armero was almost completely buried, killing an estimated 25,000 people.
The worst volcanic disaster of the twentieth century occurred in the Caribbean island of Martinique in 1902.
Residents of Saint Pierre, who were caught up in the midst of an important election, failed to heed the mountain’s warnings and evacuate.
The eruption started in April and lasted until October, killing 30,000 people, or 15% of the island’s population.
Hundreds of volcanoes exist in Indonesia, some of which are dormant and others which are active.
Mount Krakatoa erupted multiple times between the islands of Java and Sumatra in 1883, killing more than 35,000 people.
Some of the eruptions were so massive that they could be heard all the way from Australia.
In 1815, another of Indonesia’s hundreds of active volcanoes erupted, wreaking havoc across Southeast Asia.
The massive eruption is the deadliest in human history, killing an estimated 90,000 people.
For generations, the aftermath caused widespread disease and harmed crop growth, as well as causing climate changes as far away as North America.