ARCHAEOLOGISTS were stunned on finding evidence for a “civilian genocide” in Spain carried out by the Romans thousands of years ago.
The Roman Empire was a vast and sprawling governance that spanned Scotland to the Middle East. Founded in around 625 BC, it went on to become the greatest power in the world, led by a variety of emperors all with differing philosophies. With power such as that seen under the Romans, there were many wars and battles, both within the empire and with neighbouring states.
By 338 BC, Rome had gained control over the entire Italian peninsula.
It wasn’t long, however, until the Punic Wars ensued, lasting nearly 100 years between 264 and 146 BC.
Within these wars — there were three — Rome was faced with dealing with Carthage, an ancient city situated in modern-day Tunisia, founded by the Phoenicians and extremely close to the empire.
Of Carthage’s greatest fighters was Hannibal, who in 219 BC led an attack on Saguntum, an independent city allied with Rome.
He then marched his sizable army across the Pyrenees and Alps and into central Italy in what would come to be remembered as one of the most famous military campaigns in history.
A string of victories saw him gain a foothold in southern Italy, the most memorable being in Cannae, which gave the general great control over the region.
In the intervening years after the defeat at Cannae, the Romans’ war with Carthage spread across the world, and an intercontinental game of cat and mouse followed with fighting on land and sea.
While Rome fought a desperate war in Italy, preventing Hannibal from attacking the city itself, the Roman generals made a wider plan to destabilise the Carthaginian Empire.
This came in 210 BC, when the Romans launched a power attack in Carthage’s main power base, Spain.
Scipio Africanus was just 25 when he became general of the army and almost immediately turned the way in Rome’s favour, capturing Catharginian forces and cities.
However, as Bethany Hughes during the Smithsonian Channel’s documentary, ‘Eight Days that made Rome’, noted: “He did so with downright cunning and cruelty that would come to be a hallmark of Roman warfare.”
In the ancient city of Illiturgis, Andalucia, southern Spain, researchers have recovered some of the bloody remnants of Scipio’s assault on Carthage in 206 BC.
A group of. “Brinkwire Summary News”.