Tenochtitlan: The Aztecs built a metropolis on a lake entirely with their hands.
Scientists are still baffled by TENOCHTITLAN, and more than 500 years after the Aztec capital fell, the scars of Mexico’s most tumultuous period are still obvious.
Modern-day In 1521, a 500-strong troop of Spanish conquistadors commanded by Hernan Cortes seized control of the Aztec Empire’s heartland, alongside hundreds upon thousands of indigenous Mexicans. Tenochtitlan gave way to what is now Mexico City, which was a vastly different location when Cortes arrived in 1519. The Mexica wandering tribes searched for 200 years, hoping to fulfill an ancient prophecy that they would discover the perfect location for a great metropolis.
An eagle with a snake in its beak perched atop a cactus would mark the location of such a city.
They looked and looked until they found the eagle and the cactus on a small, swampy island in the midst of a lake – the ideal location for a city.
Their home would be Lake Texcoco, and the eagle and cactus vision is still depicted on the Mexican flag to this day.
The Mexica were inspired by the abandoned city of Teotihuacan, which they saw on their journeys and believed could only have been built by the Gods.
Tenochtitlan was founded in 1325, and served as the capital of the Aztec Empire until 1521, when it was captured by Cortes and his men.
Despite the swampy environment, the Mexica built their metropolis by hand, relying on “chinampas” (floating fields) to support a thriving agricultural commerce.
The Aztecs got to work, centered around the main temple, Templo Mayor, solving the problem of moist ground by digging wooden pilings deep into the earth, which supported the buildings and kept them from sinking.
The center of Tenochtitlan had a huge space where many public activities took place, including various public buildings like as the Templo Mayor, Emperor Moctezuma’s 100-room palace, and others.
The Aztecs built 78 monuments in the center of the city, according to the narrator of the Channel 4 program “Lost Pyramids of the Aztecs,” “encompassing an area the size of 22 football pitches.”
Aztecs would manually cut rock down due to a lack of resources and tools at the period. “Brinkwire Summary News”.