The apparent breadth of plastic pollution continues to widen in a new study that says rain laden with microplastics is pelting the Rocky Mountains and spreading ecological fallout.
According to the research, samples of rainwater collected from the Rocky Mountains in Colorado show myriad types of plastic particles, including beads and other shards, in another stark reminder of how easily the small particles can spread.
‘I think the most important result that we can share with the American public is that there’s more plastic out there than meets the eye,’ Greg Wetherbee US Geological Survey researcher told The Guardian.
‘It’s in the rain, it’s in the snow. It’s a part of our environment now.’
Wetherbee, who collected the samples while studying nitrogen pollution, came upon the discovery by accident and highlights the phenomenon in a study called ‘It is Raining Plastic.’
While the particles are impossible to actually trace, a new wave of research suggest that small plastic particles can be transported hundreds, if not thousands, of miles through the air.
Some of those particles even enter the water and rain down to Earth, which may contribute to the minuscule plastics found even in remote areas, notes an microplastic researcher interview by The Guardian.
As noted by Channel 7 in Denver, the particles found by Wetherbee were pulled from a located 10,000 feet above sea level.
Wetherbee says the particles come from myriad sources, including plastic waste and even fibers from clothing, and said that more research is needed to discern exactly what effect the particles have on affected environment.
‘We need to find out how much is depositing, where it’s depositing, and how does this material affect the eco-system. Does it get into micro-organisms? Does it get into larger levels of the food chain. What larger organisms? Does it matter? And what effect does it have on the ecosystem,’ Wetherbee told Channel 7.
Wetherbee’s research mirrors recent findings that documented plastics in equally remote areas of the Pyrenees mountains.
According to those findings, polystyrene, which is used in packaging but not widely recycled, was the most commonly found plastic, followed by polyethylene, which is used to make plastic bottles and bags.
The tiny pieces of polymer, some of the, less than 5mm in size, were found being deposited in a remote area on the border between France and Spain previously considered ‘pristine’.
Wetherbee says in order to adequately assess the the threat of plastics that are showering formerly untouched natural landscapes, researchers need a new methodology.
‘The mass of plastic in even the most concentrated samples was not large enough to weigh or reliably estimate,’ write the scientists.
‘Developing a routine capability to calculate plastic wet-deposition loads is not possible with current technology. Methods for more accurate estimation of plastic loads are needed.’