Images of Mercury taken by the BepiColombo spacecraft as it flew by to observe the planet.

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Mercury

(Photo : Pixabay/PhotoMIX-Company) Mercury pictureMercury is a planet that’s always been a mystery. Recently, two spacecraft have flown and came so close to the planet.

A European-Japanese joint science mission to study Mercury, BepoColombo, is back on track and will orbit and observe the planet in 2025.

Mercury’s Photos

The whole journey involved two research spacecraft that rode a massive vessel called the Mercury Transfer Module.

The spacecraft just wrapped up its first flyby of the cratered planet on Oct.1. It sent back Mercury images. The black and white images showed 620 miles to 1,500 miles of the planet’s surface, according to Mashable.

Valentina Galluzzi, a scientist, working on the BepiColombo mission, said in a statement that the whole scenario was an “incredible feeling,” especially after they got images of the planet.

The pictures show the instruments on the transfer module in the foreground. Meanwhile, the detailed topography of the planet’s surface is in the background. The Mercury Transfer Module transports the mission’s two orbiters to the planet.

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Once BepiColombo begins orbiting the planet in 2025, after several flybys fall into its orbit, the probes will begin researching the planet’s history, according to Space.com.

The European Space Agency stated that the mission will map the surface of the planet and will analyze its composition to know more about its formation.

One theory is that the planet may have started as a massive body that was stripped of most of its rocks by an impact. This resulted in a huge iron core, where the magnetic field is generated and only a very thin rocky outer shell left.

The outer shell is covered in lava flows that date back centuries ago, and asteroids and comets have pummeled it for 4 billion years. The next flyby, including pictures, will happen on June 2022.

The BepiColomobo Mission

BepiColomobo launched in 2018 and is made up of two orbiters. One orbiter is the European Space Agency or ESA, and the other orbiter is the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency or JAXA. The spacecraft will fly in complementary orbits around Mercury.

The spacecraft includes the Mercury Planetary Orbiter that the ESA leads, and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, which JAXA leads, according to BBC.

The two will study all aspects of Mercury, from its core to its surface processes, its exosphere, and its magnetic field.

The mission aims to understand the. Brinkwire Summary News.

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