Astronomers have discovered the universe’s 10-billion-year-old’missing link.’
Experts have discovered what has been dubbed a “missing link” in the understanding of the universe, resulting in a BLACK HOLE breakthrough.
AKA M31, a cluster of stars in the Andromeda galaxy, was the site of the discovery.
Experts studied light changes to discover a massive region of spacetime nearly 100,000 times the mass of the Sun.
It falls into the “intermediate-mass” category of black holes, which are both elusive and sought after by astronomers looking for answers to the universe’s biggest questions.
“In this paper, we use high-resolution mass models and kinematics to present the detection of a 100,000 solar-mass intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH) with greater than 3-sigma significance,” the team of astronomers wrote, led by Renuka Pechetti of Liverpool John Moores University.
The American Astronomical Society (AAS) has accepted their work for publication after posting it on the preprint server arXiv.
When massive stars collide at the end of their lives, black holes form, and they can continue to grow by absorbing and merging with other objects.
Because radiation is emitted as visible light across space, scientists have been observing this interaction for decades and use it to detect their presence.
Most black holes fall into one of two mass categories.
There are stellar-mass black holes, which have a mass of up to 100 times that of the Sun, and supermassive black holes, which have a mass of up to a million times that of the Sun.
The intermediate range is in the middle, and while its detection is helping to provide the “missing link” to the secrets of the universe, it is extremely rare.
The number of IMBH detections has remained extremely low to date.
Scientists are grappling with how two wildly different mass regimes can coexist in the absence of more intermediate-mass black holes.
A large population of intermediate-mass black holes could help us bridge the gap by providing a mechanism for stellar-mass black holes to grow into behemoths.
This is why scientists are so intrigued by B023-G078, a cluster of stars in the Andromeda galaxy.
The galaxy’s most massive star cluster, B023-G078, is a roughly spherical, gravitationally bound cluster of stars with a mass of 6.2 million solar masses.
According to models, one of the ways these clusters form is when one galaxy swallows another.
This, according to the team, is what happened with B023-G078.
They looked at it.
“Brinkwire News Summary.”