Archaeologists discovered a World War II bunker inside the remnants of a Channel Island Roman fort.
Archaeologists on the Channel Island of Alderney discovered a World War 2 bunker beneath the remnants of a Roman fort.
The Nunnery is one of the best-preserved Roman fortifications in the United Kingdom. During Nazi Germany’s possession of the islands off the coast of Normandy, France, soldiers erected the bunker within the Nunnery. From June 1940 to May 1945, Adolf Hitler’s forces were stationed on the Channel Islands, and it was the Axis’s only successful occupation of British territory during World War 2.
They turned the island into a heavily fortified base with bunkers, anti-tank walls, and tunnels during their occupancy.
There were also two concentration camps established on the island, and a study published in the journal Antiquity last year revealed new details about the Sylt camp.
One of these army bunkers was created inside the Nunnery’s 10-foot-thick walls by the Germans.
The excavations took place this summer with the help of volunteers from Dig Alderney, a foundation that promotes archaeological study on the island.
“We discovered a whole succession of houses, drains, and mystery walls intersecting each other,” archaeologist Jason Monaghan said.
He continued, “We’ve just came upon three levels all on top of each other and [are]attempting to figure out what eras they originate from.”
“The lovely thing about [the Nunnery]is that it is so little and quite easy to understand,” Mr Monaghan added.
“There are a lot of archaeological sites where you arrive and you need a PhD to comprehend what’s going on.
“But you can comprehend the Nunnery – it’s a fort, it’s guarding the bay, it’s got walls, it’s got towers, you can easily get your head around it.
“The houses were modified for use by military families in 1906, and the older ramparts were buried. During the occupation, the Germans heavily refortified the site.”
The Nunnery, which overlooks Longis Bay, has been in use for over 1,700 years.
Mr. Monaghan wrote in Current Archeology in 2011 that the Romans built the military outpost near the end of the fourth century, when their influence over Britain was beginning to wane.
The Romans outfitted the castle with cutting-edge defense equipment, such as battlement crenelations.
Crenelations are the low defensive parapets that are commonly encountered on medieval structures. “Brinkwire News in Condensed Form.”