Why would it take MONTHS for the Social Democrats to form a coalition in Germany?
Why could it take months for the Social Democrats to build a government after narrowly defeating Angela Merkel’s party in the 2021 federal election?
Olaf Scholz, the leader of Germany’s centre-left Social Democrats (SPD), has led his party to victory. Negotiations are expected to take weeks, despite their victory over Angela Merkel’s party. Here’s why forming a coalition government in Germany takes so long.
The most recent German elections were among the most contentious of the year.
Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) almost missed out on retaining power.
According to the latest results, the SPD received 25.7 percent of the vote, followed by the CDU/CSU combination with 24.1 percent.
With 14.8 percent of the vote, the Green Party came in third.
According to the Federal Returning Officer website, these results came after a count of all 299 of Germany’s “constituencies” or election districts.
Coalitions are uncommon in the United Kingdom, while they are widespread in Germany.
Since World War II, no German political party has ever secured enough seats to form a government on its own.
This election has proven to be no exception; despite winning the most seats, the SPD was unable to build an outright majority.
Negotiations to create a new government between the SPD and other parties might take weeks or even months.
The CDU waited more than five months to establish a government after the September 2017 election.
SPD is now in the midst of difficult coalition negotiations with other parties.
They will need to agree on a new Chancellor, coalition policy, and crucial political appointments, among other things, during these negotiations.
Because the results have been so close this year, the procedure may take even longer than usual.
It’s possible that the SPD will have to construct the country’s first three-party coalition government.
As a result, rather than negotiating with just one additional party, the coalition agreement will have to satisfy three.
Both the Greens and the FDP have indicated that they are open to discussing a three-way coalition to achieve the required 50 percent majority.
However, SPD may elect to form a coalition with a different party, such as the far-left Die Linke.
Whatever the coalition’s composition, it will signify a substantial change in German politics from Ms Merkel’s right to the left.