GOOGLE is celebrating the birth of the World Wide Web with one of its iconic Doodles – but who invented the Internet?
Tim Berners-Lee, a computer scientist, is the man credited as the inventor of the web.
He was born in London in 1955 and grew up around technology, with his parents – also computer scientists – working on one of the earliest computer prototypes.
It was these early experiences that got Tim, now 63, inventing.
He previously said: “I made some electronic gadgets to control the trains. Then I ended up getting more interested in electronics than trains.
“Later on, when I was in college, I made a computer out of an old television set.”
After graduating from Oxford University, he got a job at CERN – the particle physics lab in Geneva that is home to the Large Hadron Collider.
It was working here that he first thought of the idea behind the web.
He explained: “In those days, there was different information on different computers, but you had to log on to different computers to get at it. Also, sometimes you had to learn a different program on each computer.”
Although the basic premise of the internet was already being developed at this point, it was Tim who came up with the idea of utilising a technology called hypertext.
By 1990, Tim had developed the outline and the main technology that is the basis of the web – HTML (the language of the internet), URL (the addresses of web pages) and HTTP (something that allows for linked sources to be retrieved).
Fortunately for the world, Tim made sure that the internet would be royalty-free, meaning everyone in the world could use it without having to pay.
The web was then further and more fully developed when Tim moved from CERN to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1994 and funded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
And, as they say, the rest is history. Happy birthday, Internet!