DIABETES type 2 and diet are key when it comes to effectively managing the condition and lowering blood sugar. For a healthy diet, experts recommend one of the healthiest vegetables shown to help with glucose control.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body mishandles glucose—cells fail to use insulin properly, leading to higher glucose levels, which can cause a wide variety of health problems. Current treatment includes modifying the diet and taking drugs such as metformin. However, health experts have found many drugs used to help treat diabetes also cause other problems including liver damage. One vegetable contains a certain ingredient which has been shown to help lower blood sugar whilst avoiding damage to the liver, with experts highly recommending it for a healthy type 2 diabetes diet.
In a study published in Science Translational Medicine, sulforaphane found in broccoli to potentially improve glucose control in type 2 diabetes was investigated.
The study analysed co-expression networks and genetic data to identify a disease signature for type 2 diabetes in liver tissue.
“By interrogating a library of 3800 drug signatures, we identified sulforaphane as a compound that may reverse the disease signature,” noted the study.
It continued: “Sulforaphane suppressed glucose production from hepatic cells by nuclear translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 (NRF2) and decreased expression of key enzymes in gluconeogenesis.
“Moreover, sulforaphane reversed the disease signature in the livers from diabetic animals and attenuated exaggerated glucose production and glucose intolerance by a magnitude similar to that of metformin.
“Finally, sulforaphane, provided as concentrated broccoli sprout extract, reduced fasting blood glucose and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in obese patients with dysregulated type 2 diabetes.”
Sulforaphane is a chemical compound present in cruciferous vegetables including broccoli sprouts, Brussel sprouts, cabbage, and watercress.
When applied to cultured liver cells, sulforaphane reduced the production of glucose and lowered blood sugars.
Studies have found when sulforaphane was administered to rats with type 2 diabetes, the chemical compound led to improvements in liver gene expression, shifting it to a healthier state.
When tested on obese adults, the extract showed a significant reduction in fasting blood glucose levels.
Anders Rosengren and colleagues from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden tested this theory on 97 participants with type 2 diabetes.
All participants consumed a concentrated dose of sulforaphane every day for three months, or a placebo.
On average, those. “Brinkwire Summary News”.