HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1054 – Siward, Earl of Northumbria, acting on behalf of the son of slain King Duncan I, defeats King Macbeth at Dunsinane, Scotland.
1563 – The French army regains Le Havre, France, when the English garrison is stricken with plague.
1689 – General Mackay leads troops loyal to William of Orange to subdue the Scottish Jacobites under Dundee. The royal troops are routed at the subsequent Battle of Killiecrankie and more than 2000 are killed.
1694 – Bank of England receives a royal charter as a commercial institution.
1794 – Revolutionary leader Maximilien de Robespierre is arrested by his opponents in Paris and tries to commit suicide, but fails.
1795 – Spain signs peace treaty with France, ceding its part of Santo Domingo.
1830 – July Revolution starts in Paris in reaction to the restrictive policies of Charles X, who is forced from the throne after three days of fighting.
1836 – The first 42 migrants to South Australia arrive at Kangaroo Island aboard the Duke of York.
1866 – The first successful trans-Atlantic telegraph cable between England and the US is completed.
1909 – Orville Wright tests the US Army’s first aeroplane for one hour, 12 minutes.
1921 – Canadians Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin for the first time. It proves an effective treatment for diabetes.
1949 – The British De Havilland Comet, the first jet-propelled airliner, makes its maiden flight.
1953 – An armistice is signed at Panmunjom after three years of negotiations, effectively ending the Korean War.
1954 – Britain and Egypt agree on terms to end 72 years of British control of the Suez Canal.
1965 – US planes carry out the first attacks against anti-aircraft missile sites in North Vietnam.
1974 – The House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 to recommend US President Richard Nixon’s impeachment on an obstruction of justice charge in the Watergate case.
1976 – Former Japanese prime minister Tanaka Kakuei is arrested and later convicted for accepting bribes from US Lockheed Corporation.
1978 – UN Security Council endorses Western plan for ending guerilla warfare in South West Africa and making it independent new state of Namibia.
1980 – The deposed Shah of Iran dies at a military hospital outside Cairo, Egypt, aged 60.
1984 – James Mason, English actor of stage and screen, dies aged 75.
1990 – Belarus declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1996 – A pipe bomb explodes during the Olympic Games in Atlanta, killing two and injuring more than 100 people.
1998 – White House intern Monica Lewinsky ends six months of silence to talk with prosecutors investigating her relations with US President Bill Clinton.
2001 – Scientist Joseph Miller claims that data collected by NASA’s Viking landers 25 years ago on the surface of Mars show evidence of life, though other scientists doubt his claim.
2003 – Bob Hope, the British-born US comedy legend, dies aged 100.
2005 – India’s financial capital Bombay is shut down by the strongest rains ever recorded in Indian history – 94cm in one day. At least 78 people died.
2007 – Bhutan’s prime minister and six members of his Cabinet resign to pave the way for the first parliamentary elections in the Buddhist kingdom and its transition to democracy.
2011 – The Australian dollar approaches 111 US cents after the release of higher-than-expected inflation figures.
2012 – Britain opens its Olympics in London, where basketball player Lauren Jackson is the first woman to lead Australia’s team into a summer Games in 20 years.
2014 – One of Liberia’s most high-profile doctors dies of Ebola during an outbreak that kills more than 4800 people in the West African country and more than 11,300 in the region.
2016 – An Australian man in Sri Lanka receives a fine and one week’s jail time after streaking across the pitch during day one of the rain-affected first cricket Test in Kandy.
2017 – Donald Trump’s new communications director Anthony Scaramucci unleashes an obscene tirade against senior White House colleagues in a phone call to a journalist – he is later fired after only 10 days in the job.
2018 – Facebook shares take a massive hit in the biggest single-day fall in US stock market history. The fall comes as a response to the company’s expected drop in profits and ongoing concerns about privacy and fake news.
2019 – Swimming Australia confirms that promising 20-year-old Shayna Jack failed a doping test that forced her out of the world championships.
Alexandre Dumas II, French author (1824-1895); Hilaire Belloc, French-born British writer and poet (1870-1953); Geoffrey De Havilland, English aircraft designer (1882-1965); Norman Lear, US writer, director and producer (1922-); Robert Holmes a Court, Australian businessman (1937-1990); Bobbie Gentry, US singer (1944-); Allan Border, Australian cricketer (1955-); Julian McMahon, Australian actor (1968-); Alex Rodriguez, US baseball player (1975-); Jonathan Rhys-Meyers, Irish actor (1977-).
Thought For Today:
Life does not cease to be funny when people die any more than it ceases to be serious when people laugh – George Bernard Shaw, English playwright (1856-1950).