BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Nov. 6 (Xinhua) — Non-communicable diseases remained as the major causes of death in Brunei, latest statistics released by the country’s Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE) at the Ministry of Finance and Economy showed on Tuesday.
According to JPKE’s Brunei Darussalam Vital Statistics 2017 report, the total deaths in Brunei for 2017 was 1,696 compared to 1,632 deaths in 2016, which showed an increase of 3.9 percent. The total deaths comprised of 911 male deaths (53.7 percent) and 785 female deaths (46.3 percent).
As for the causes of death, the report said that non-communicable diseases continued to be the major causes of death in the sultanate, where the top three were cancer (327 deaths or 77.6 deaths per 100,000 population), heart diseases (250 deaths or 59.3 deaths per 100,000 population) and diabetes (171 deaths or 40.6 deaths per 100,000 population).
“These causes of death are similar to other developed countries, despite Brunei Darussalam being in the developing countries,” the report stated.
As for the birth rate, the total live births in Brunei for 2017 was 6,452 compared to 6,437 births in 2016, which showed an increase of 0.2 percent.
According to the report, the fertility rate in the country showed a consistent trend of 1.8 births per woman aged 15-49 years in 2017.
“This fertility rate is below the global replacement level which is 2.1 births. Replacement level is a theoretical line in which population of one generation is able to replace themselves to create another generation,” the report said.
The life expectancy at birth in 2017 was 77.3 years. Females in Brunei have a higher life expectancy at birth in comparison to males, 78.3 years and 76.3 years respectively.