The vitamin that’significantly’ raises the risk of cancer in males, according to supplements.
The majority of people do not require vitamin supplements since a healthy, balanced diet provides them with all of the vitamins and minerals they require. The supplement industry, on the other hand, is flourishing. Supplementing with a common vitamin increased the incidence of prostate cancer in men, according to one study.
Vitamins and minerals are little amounts of substances that your body requires to function properly and stay healthy. A varied and balanced diet should provide most people with all of the nutrients they require, while some people may require additional supplements. It’s important to note that the supplement industry has sparked debate for two reasons.
One is that strong claims aren’t always backed up by facts. Second, some vitamin supplements may be harmful to your health.
Vitamin E, in particular, has been associated to a higher risk of prostate cancer in men.
Vitamin E supports healthy skin and eyes, as well as the body’s natural defenses against infection and sickness (the immune system).
However, there are few studies that look at the long-term effects of vitamin E administration.
In a study published in the journal JAMA, researchers looked at the long-term effects of vitamin E and selenium on the risk of prostate cancer in men who were otherwise healthy.
Selenium is a mineral that is found in a variety of enzymes and proteins.
The study was part of the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Experiment (SELECT), a clinical trial to explore if taking one or both of these chemicals as dietary supplements could help prevent prostate cancer.
Between August 22, 2001, and June 24, 2004, 35,533 men from 427 study sites in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico were randomly assigned.
In the primary study, 34,887 men were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: 8752 received selenium, 8737 received vitamin E, 8702 received both drugs, and 8696 received placebo.
The analysis incorporated the final data on participants collected by the study sites through July 5, 2011.
In comparison to the placebo group, where 529 men acquired prostate cancer, 620 men in the vitamin E group, 575 in the selenium group, and 555 in the selenium plus vitamin E group developed prostate cancer.
“The absolute increase in risk of prostate cancer per 1000 person-years for vitamin E, 0.8 for selenium, and 0.4 for the combination was 1.6 for vitamin E, 0.8 for selenium, and 0.4 for the combination when compared to placebo,” the researchers reported.
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