Symptoms of the Marburg virus: This highly infectious virus has the ability to spread “far and wide.”
The first Marburg virus death in West Africa has been reported by the World Health Organization (WHO). What is the highly contagious Marburg virus, and how can you know if you have it?
There have been 12 large Marburg virus outbreaks since 1967, the majority of which have occurred in eastern and southern Africa. However, when one individual died in Guinea, the World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed the first Marburg virus death in western Africa.
According to the WHO, a new case of Marburg virus was detected in Guinea last week after the patient sought treatment at a local clinic.
“The potential for the Marburg virus to spread far and wide means we need to stop it in its tracks,” WHO Regional Director for Africa Matshidiso Moeti said in a statement.
“We’re working with the health authorities to put in place a quick response that builds on Guinea’s previous experience and skill in dealing with Ebola, which is spread in a similar way.”
According to the WHO, patient fatality rates in previous Marburg outbreaks ranged from 24 percent to 88 percent, depending on the virus type and case care.
The Marburg virus is one of two Filovirus viruses; the other is the Ebola virus.
The Marburg virus can produce a life-threatening haemorrhagic fever (VHF).
Headaches, bloody vomiting, muscle cramps, and bleeding from various orifices are all symptoms of the virus.
The incubation period for Marburg haemorrhagic fever is three to ten days, according to the UK Government website.
The start of sickness is abrupt, with the following symptoms:
Symptoms appear on the third day and include:
Symptoms become “increasingly severe,” according to the government guidance, with many patients getting severe haemorrhagic fever after five to seven days.
“Fatal cases frequently display some sort of bleeding, often from many sites,” the government statement continues.
“Many of the early symptoms of Marburg haemorrhagic fever resemble those of other infectious diseases including malaria and typhoid.
“Laboratory testing is required to confirm the disease.”
The Government advise suggests that the initial infection in Marburg virus epidemics begins with “exposure in mines or caverns populated by Rousettus bat colonies.”
Close contact between sick people can spread the Marburg virus.
The virus can also be spread by blood and other physiological fluids such as saliva and vomit.