Recalling the Wilderness: The Modern Age of Nature Driven Tourism in South America


Christopher Isherwood made a six-month South America tour in 1947, concentrating on cultural places, major cities, and encounters with local grandees. What most Europeans think about South America is summarized in the title of the travelogue he wrote about this journey, The Condor and the Cows. While the condor is now almost extinct, the cows have survived: outsiders still view Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela mainly as agricultural nations and global breadbaskets; other countries in Latin America are known for their wine, coffee, tropical fruits, soybeans, and fishmeal.

Colombia, the most biodiverse nation in the world per square kilometer, is known more for its exports of cocaine than for its dazzling birdlife. But conservationists are seeking to address this disparity in many countries.

By late 2020, the Rewilding Argentina Foundation announced that in the Iberá wetlands in the northeast of the country, the first red and green macaw chicks had been born in more than a century. The birds are listed as endangered in Argentina, hunted for their feathers, meat and as pets, and decimated by habitat loss; another once common species, the blue-grey macaw, is extinct. Elena Martin, who leads the macaw breeding project, says, “The reproduction of the scarlet macaw in the wild is very important for our project because it helps us create sustainable populations so they can fulfill their role in the ecosystem.” In November 2020, two jaguar cubs were born in captivity, and it is hoped that next year the jaguars will be reintroduced into the wild. Julián Guerrero OrozcoMeanwhile, under the slogan “Together With Nature.” the Colombian government recently adopted a far-reaching strategy for sustainable tourism. Vice Minister of Tourism Julián Guerrero Orozco, who formerly served in Tanzania as a wildlife guide, says Vice Minister of Tourism Julián Guerrero Orozco. We have the ability to develop a new form of tourism that is more serious and studied in a better way.

Colombia is a signatory to the Future of Tourism Alliance, which commits its members to a set of ecological and environmental priorities. Decades of civil wars and drug wars in Colombia have made areas inaccessible to investors, making them suitable for re-wilding and ecotourism. I really believe Colombia could be a model for the rest of the world for sustainability.

In the forests of southern Huila, scientists from the University of the Andes have released six woolly monkeys, rescued red-footed tortoises have been released in the Meta department, and former FARC warriors have been recruited as part of the Peace with Nature program to be retrained as conservationists and forest guards. South of Bogotá, the town of La Macarena is renowned for its biodiversity as well as attractions such as the multicolored rivers of Caño Cristales and the ancient rock art of the National Park of Chiribiquete.

The area has great potential for ecotourism, according to conservation leader Roque Sevilla, president of Fundación Futuro and founder of the Ecuadorian Mashpi Lodge. “I visited the region for the first time three years ago and was simply overwhelmed. The diversity of wildlife is spectacular: on a short first trip down the Guayabero River, we saw six species of monkeys, two species of dolphins, caimans and many hundreds of birds. We set up a camera trap and filmed a tapir, a jaguar, a puma and a raccoon in just four hours. ” Community-led programs, forest purchasing and monitoring programs in Ecuador and Peru are helping to protect spectacled bears, as well as ocelot, jaguarundi and mountain tapir.’

“Tompkins Conservation uses a “re-wilding strategy” in Chilean Patagonia that provides corridors for pumas and other wild cats, huemul deer, Darwin’s rheas, guanacos, vizcacha and condors of Wolffsohn.

A long-term program has been initiated by Comuna do Ibitipoca, an ecotourism resort in Minas Gerais, Brazil, to reintroduce key species from the drastically reduced Atlantic rainforest.

Licenses were provided by the Comuna do Ibitipoca for the reintroduction of the tapir, the red macaw, the kl


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