The new technology will be tested in the experiment, Sparc.
The new technology will be tested in the experiment, Sparc, which will be made for compact tokamak — toroidal chamber for magnetic hold superhot plasma. It is planned that during the testing of thermonuclear reactor will be used yet to obtain one hundred megawatts of thermal energy. If the experiment is successful, scientists will create a larger reactor that generates 200 megawatts.
YBCO high — temperature superconductor which operates at a temperature of 77 Kelvin (-196,15 degrees Celsius). Most superconductors operate at temperatures close to absolute zero (-273 degrees Celsius).
This material can produce powerful magnets capable of generating a record magnetic field strength. For example, YBCO-magnet created National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, creates a force field to 32 Tesla. In addition, high-temperature superconductor allows you to make rather powerful magnets of relatively small size.
In December 2017, it was reported that the international thermonuclear experimental reactor ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER) is built in half. According to the CEO of the project Bernard bigot, the installation is planned to start in 2025.